Bylaws

Article 1.  Name

Article 2.  Objectives

Article 3.  Membership

Article 4.  Administration and Officers’ Duties

Article 5.  Nomination and Election of Section Officers

Article 6.  Divisions, Committees and Task Groups

Article 7.  Meetings

Article 8.  Publications

Article 9.  Bylaws, Adoptions, and Amendments

Article 10.  Parliamentary Authority

Article 1.  Name

The name of this organization shall be the Tectonophysics Section of the American Geophysical Union.

Article 2.  Objectives

(a) To promote the aims and activities of the American Geophysical Union within the field of tectonophysics.

(b) To promote the scientific study of tectonophysics and to make the results of such studies available to the public by (1) scientific discussion, publication, and other dissemination of information, and (2) by sponsorship of scientific and technical symposia, colloquia, and meetings.

Article 3.  Membership

(a) Types of members are as defined in Article 2 of the Union Bylaws.

(b) Members of the Section shall be all classifications of Union members who indicate a interest in affiliation with this section.

(c) A Union member who becomes an inactive member of the Union shall also become an inactive member of the Section.

(d) Any member of the Section who ceases to be a member of the Union shall also cease to be a member of the Section.

(e) All Section members who are classified under Article 2, Sections a, b, or c, of the Union Statutes are entitled to vote and are eligible to hold office in the Section.

Article4.  Administration and Officers’ Duties

(a) Officers — The officers of the Section shall be a President, President-Elect, and a Secretary.  The officers shall be members under Article 2, Section a, b, or c, of the Union Statutes.

(b) Term of Office — The Section officers shall serve a two year term, without honorarium, coincident with the term of the Union Officers.  The President shall not be eligible for election as President-Elect immediately following the term as President.
The Secretary’s term may be renewable.  If any office becomes vacant,
the Executive Committee of the Section shall designate a successor to complete
the term.  Officers designated by the Executive Committee cannot hold
office, without election, beyond the term of their predecessor.

(c) Executive Committee — The Section
shall have an Executive Committee which shall include the President, President-Elect,
Secretary, and immediate Past President.

(d) Duties of the President — The
President shall preside at meetings of the Section and of the Executive
Committee.  The President shall appoint members to Section committees
and task groups and have the power to withdraw appointments made while
in office or by previous Presidents, subject to approval of the Executive
Committee.  The President shall be an ex-officio member of all Section
task groups or committees.  The President shall be a voting member
of the Union Council and shall attend, or appoint an alternate to attend
and vote, at all Council meetings.

(e) Duties of the President-Elect
— The President-Elect shall assume the duties and powers of the President,
at the request of the President or in the absence or incapacity of the
President.  The President-Elect shall be a voting member of the Union
Council and shall attend, and vote, at all Council meetings.  The
President-Elect shall have such other powers and duties as may be assigned
by the Section President.  The resident-Elect shall succeed the President
at the end of the President’s term of office.

(f) Duties of the Secretary — The
Secretary shall prepare the official minutes of all meetings of the Section
and of the Executive Committee; a report of the meetings should be submitted
to Eos, as appropriate.  The Secretary shall handle all general correspondence
of the Section; maintain and distribute an accurate list of task group
and committee members, addresses, and year of appointment; issue notice
of all Section and Executive Committee meetings; conduct letter ballots
for the Section; receive and disburse funds as authorized by the Executive
Committee of the Section and Council of the Union; in the absence of a
designated alternate, the Secretary shall represent the absent President
at Council meetings (or the President-Elect if not serving for the President);
and perform such other duties as may be delegated by the Section President.

Article 5.  Nomination and Election of Section Officers

(a) Nominations — At least six months
before the general election, an ad hoc Nominations Committee composed of
at least three Section members, one of whom shall be designated Chairman,
shall be appointed by the Section President, subject to approval of the
Executive Committee.  The Nominations Committee shall submit to the
Section President a slate of at least two nominees for each elective office
in the Section and the President shall submit that slate to the Union Council
at least four months before the Union’s general election.  The slate
of approved nominees shall appear in an AGU publication of general circulation
not less than 30 days before the general election.  Petitions of nominations
from Section membership shall be honored provided that (1) each Petition
is signed by at least one percent of the full voting membership of the
Section, and (2) such Petitions are received by the Union’s General Secretary
before the termination of the 30 days notification period required before
the general election.

(b) Elections — The general election
shall take place by letter ballot at the end of the 30-day notification
period.  A majority of the votes cast shall be necessary for election
to an office.  No mail ballot shall be closed until at least 30 days
after date of issue.  The election results shall be announced at the
Annual Business Meeting.  The term of office for all officers shall
begin on July 1 following the elections.

Article 6.  Divisions, Committees and Task Groups

(a) Divisions — The Section may
be subdivided into Divisions.  Proposals for a new Division or discontinuance
of an existing Division may be made by any Section member but must be approved
by the Section’s Executive Committee and by the Union’s Council.
The Section shall elect appropriate officers for each Division.

(b) Committees — The Section may
have administrative and technical committees.  Proposals for a new
committee or discontinuance of an existing committee may be made by the
Section President, subject to the approval of the Section’s Executive Committee.
Each committee shall consist of a chairman appointed by the President,
with advice of the Executive Committee, and at least two members appointed
by the President, with the recommendations and advice of the committee
chairman.  Committee membership should be distributed geographically
and organizationally to the maximum extent possible.  The term of
office of all committee chairmen shall not extend beyond the term of office
of the appointing President, but a committee chairman may be reappointed
by an incoming President for another term.  In the interest of some
continuity of activities, the committee members should be appointed to
definite terms such that the terms of only one-half of the members expire
each two year interval.

(c) Task Groups — Special task groups
may be appointed by the President to undertake particular projects of limited
duration.  The term of appointment normally should not extend beyond
that of the President but the term may be extended if necessary to bring
the project to completion.

Article 7.  Meetings

(a) The Section may hold as many
section meetings, or Executive Committee meetings, and at such locations,
as may be deemed desirable by the Executive Committee, but at least one
Annual Business Meeting shall be held per year.  Administrative and
technical committee and task groups may hold as many meetings as they need
to maintain their objectives and assignments.  At least 30 days advance
written notice shall be given for the Annual Business Meeting and at least
15 days advance written notice shall be given for Executive Committee or
other committee and task group meetings.  Specialty meetings dedicated
to the pursuit of a specific scientific subject may be sponsored, subject
to approval of the Council of the Union.

(b) A quorum for all business meetings
shall be those present at the meeting.  A quorum for the Executive
Committee and other committee and task group meetings shall be one-third
of the total membership of these committees or task groups.

Article 8.  Publications

The Section may publish a newsletter
and other items of interest to its discipline.  However, the type
of publication and the means of financing same shall be approved by the
Union’s Executive Committee.

Article 9.  Bylaws, Adoptions, and Amendments

(a) Adoption — New Bylaws may be
adopted by the same method as is provided for the amendment of Bylaws.

(b) Amendments — Any voting member
of the Section may propose an amendment to the Bylaws.  Such a proposal
shall be considered by the Union’s Committee on Statutes and Bylaws and
presented with recommendations to the Section’s Executive Committee.
Upon approval of the Executive Committee, the Bylaws shall be submitted
to the AGU Council for final approval.  In case of conflict with the
Statutes and Bylaws of the Union, the Union takes precedence over the Section.

Article 10.  Parliamentary Authority

Robert’s Rules of Order shall be followed except as otherwise specified in these Bylaws.

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